Jacques Lipchitz (French American, 1891 – 1973)
Jacques Lipchitz was one of the foremost figures in 20th century sculpture. Lipchitz trained and resided in France, but eventually fled the Nazi occupation in Europe and immigrated to the United States. Lipchitz found influence in an array of non-European cultures and was particularly interested in African art. Lipchitz is widely considered to be the major figure in the genre of Cubist sculpture. Lipchitz frequently worked in the abstract allegorical vein that he had begun in the 1930s, depicting the struggles of humankind against oppression and fascism, rendered through mythological figures such as Prometheus.